Do Reverse Mortgage Loans Require Mortgage Insurance?

 It depends on the type of loan that you get

Reverse mortgage could provide much-needed cash to pay costs such as common cost of living, health care bills, and home repairs. Numerous fees might make reverse mortgages prohibitively expensive to some homeowners.

One particularly onerous expense could be the lender-required mortgage insurance premium. Should you have a home equity conversation mortgage (ECM) which can be backed by the government, then you will pay a first MIP at closing plus annual MIPs with the entire loan.


  • The reverse mortgage can give much needed fund during retirement but high costs make these loans a poor choice for many homeowners.
  • Most common reverse mortgage is the home equity conversion mortgage (HECM), insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and offered by FHA-approved lenders.
  • The HECM borrowers owe a 2% initial mortgage insurance premium (MIP) at closing plus an annual MIP equal to 0.5% of the outstanding mortgage balance.
  • HECM MIPs are very expensive, but they also provide borrowers with many important protections.
  • As reverse mortgages are open-ended, the interest and fees can also accrue for a long time before an individual or an individuals estate repays the loan.

What Is a Reverse Mortgage?

This is a financial agreement wherein a homeowner relinquishes equity in their residence, in exchange for  regular payments, typically to supplement retirement income.

"with the newborn child boomer generation reaching retirement, the market will look for the perfect product in the reverse mortgage"

A reverse mortgage helps you to convert some of your dwelling equity unto cash without selling the home. You never make monthly premiums with a lender; instead, the lender gives an advance on element of your home equity as a lump sum, a monthly amount, or a personal line of credit. Interest and costs accrue over lifespan of the financial loan, which becomes due whenever you sell your home, vacate, or die.

To get a reverse mortgage, you have to be age 62 or older, have substantial equity in your own home, and live in your own home as your principal residence. Driving under the influence an HECM, which is one of everyday sort of reverse mortgage, you also needs to attend a counselling session authorized by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Once approved, you should use your money to cover stuff like basic bills, healthcare costs, home renovations, or simply a new house should you have an HECM purchase loan.

What Is Mortgage Insurance?

Mortgage insurance plans are insurance that protects a home lender or titleholder in the event the borrower defaults on payments, becomes deceased, or maybe otherwise cannot fulfill the contractual obligations in the mortgage. Mortgage insurance can refer to private mortgage insurance (PMI), qualified mortgage insurance premium (MIP) insurance, or mortgage title insurance. What these share is a responsibility to make lender or property holder whole in case there is specific cases of loss.

With traditional mortgages (sometimes called forward mortgage), this is the lender not you who remains safe and secure by mortgage insurance when you default with your mortgage repayments, die, or are otherwise can not match the mortgage terms.

Private mortgage insurance (PMI) and MIPs wont be the same thing. PMI is usually required on a standard mortgage in case your advance payment is fewer than 20% from the home's price and also you finance having a conventional mortgage loan.6 However, if the Federal housing administration (FHA)  back to your mortgage, you'll pay MIPs. Some examples are an up front MIP similar to 1.75% of the beds base loan amount, plus annual MIPs for about 11 years, regardless of dimension of your advanced payment.

Mortgage Insurance for Reverse Mortgages

Mortgage insurance works a bit differently for reverse mortgages. Instead of just protecting the lender, MIPs provide several important assurances to reverse mortgage borrowers.

  • A borrower will receive the loan payments as set out by the terms of the loan, even if the lender goes out of business.
  • You or your estate can’t owe more than the home’s value when the loan becomes due and the home is sold. 
  • If you or your heirs want to pay off the loan and keep the home (instead of selling it), you won’t owe more than the home’s appraised value.

At closing, you only pay an up-front 2% MIP based upon the FHA's maximum lending limit of $970,800 or even the home's appraised value, whichever is less.1 As an example, if your home is priced at $250,000, the up-front MIP could well be $5,000 ($250,000 × 0.02). You will pay it in cash or use your money from the loan.11

And then, your lender charges annual MIPs comparable to 0.5% on the loan's outstanding balance. These premiums generally accrue as time passes, and you also (or your estate) cash amount once the credit is due.

How much does mortgage insurance cost?

If you've got the most everyday sort of reverse mortgage, a property equity conversion mortgage (HECM), your lender will charge a fee a 2% up-front mortgage insurance premium (MIP) dependent on your home's appraised value, nearly the $970,800 maximum lending limit set through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). From then on, make certain MIP begins, similar to 0.5% of the loan's outstanding balance.

Can I avoid mortgage insurance on a reverse mortgage?

You possibly can not pay MIPs by obtaining a proprietary reverse mortgage. However, the credit might more actually run due to increase rates. However, you are going to owe up-front and annual MIPs when you've got an HECM.1

However, you can get several important protections in return for paying those premiums. Specifically, the credit proceeds are guaranteed (even when the lender is out of business), and you and your estate will likely not owe in excess of the cost of the property once the credit becomes due and a home is sold.

Do reverse mortgages have closing costs?

Like traditional mortgages, reverse mortgages involve closing cost. As an example, should you get an HECM loan, you'll generally give the following expenses:

  • MIPs—a 2% initial MIP due at closing, along with an annual MIP that's 0.5% from the outstanding mortgage balance
  • Third-party charges—including for the appraisal, title search, title insurance, surveys, inspections, recording fees, mortgage taxes, and credit checks
  • Origination fee; the higher of $2,500 or 2% of the 1st $200,000 of this home's value plus 1% of anything over $200,000, capped at $6,000
  • Servicing fee; nearly $30 monthly having an annually adjusting or fixed rate loan, and nearly $35 monthly if a person's eye rate adjusts monthly
  • Interest—usually variable mortgage fee, which could increase over time

The Bottom Line

HECMs need you to pay up-front and annual MIPs.1 However, reverse mortgage insurance benefits the borrower, unlike traditional private mortgage insurance, which protects the lender.

If you choose that a reverse mortgage is correct for you, you could put away money by looking around and comparing loan costs. While lenders charge the identical MIPs, another loan costs including origination fees, closing costs, servicing fees, and interest rates vary by lender.

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